Parallels
2:08 pm
Thu April 10, 2014

How Rwanda's Only Ice Cream Shop Challenges Cultural Taboos

Originally published on Fri April 11, 2014 6:44 am

Rwanda has a warm climate, and the people love milk. You'd think ice cream would be an easy sell.

But mention ice cream to Chantal Kabatesi, and she rubs her jaw like she's at the dentist with a toothache. When she first tasted ice cream at the age of 35 "it was like eating hailstones," the kind that fall on her childhood village once or twice a year.

"I thought, 'Oh no, what are we serving to our customers? Is it dangerous?' " she said.

Yet Kabatesi had just been hired to work at Rwanda's first and only ice cream shop, Sweet Dreams. It opened four years ago and was recently profiled in a documentary film of the same name.

The shop is a joint project of a Rwandan artist and an ice cream proprietor from Brooklyn named Alexis Miesen, whose first task was to teach her employees how to eat the stuff to avoid an aching jaw. "No teeth!" she'd say. "Just your tongue!"

The women who staff this shop are used to exploring the unfamiliar.

In a country where traditional drummers are exclusively male, the women started a female drumming troupe. The troupe had extra symbolism after the genocide of 1994.

Some of the drummers were the wives of killers now in prison. Other women were widows and survivors. They toured the country, promoting reconciliation and challenging the traditional role of women in Rwandan society.

The ice cream shop was supposed to be a way to give some of the women more stable incomes. But selling ice cream turned out to face an even more tenacious taboo: In Rwanda, its highly unseemly to eat anything in the street.

That ruled out ice cream carts and ice cream stands.

So while Madeline Uwimana will proudly bang on a sacred cowhide drum despite the prohibitions of tribal elders, she wouldn't dare eat a snack on the road if she's hungry.

"It's shameful!" she says. "Everybody will laugh at you."

It's hard to unpack this particular taboo. But Rwandan culture discourages the public display of personal needs. Not just hunger but also grief. Tears are acceptable only in specific mourning periods.

Some say that Rwandans' capacity to put a public mask on sadness is what's held the country together, allowed killers and survivors to remain neighbors for the past 20 years.

Louise Ingabire is the manager of the ice cream shop. "When ice cream comes," she says, "we would like to change the culture."

She says getting Rwandans to eat ice cream is more than just a business venture. It's bringing them in touch with their inner selves.

"If you eat ice cream, it's OK, you are enjoying your life. You are not scared of the others for taking something you know you want."

The day she sees Rwandan teenagers walking down the street licking ice cream cones is the day she'll believe that real peace is here to stay.

Copyright 2014 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

MELISSA BLOCK, HOST:

This week, we've been reporting on the 20th anniversary of the Rwandan genocide. Our next story doesn't detail that horrific past. Instead, it's about trying to carve out a brighter future with something very sweet and cold.

Here's NPR's Gregory Warner.

GREGORY WARNER, BYLINE: Rwanda is a warm African country where they revere cows and they love milk. So you'd think that ice cream would be an easy sell.

CHANTAL KABATESI: Yeah, I remember when I taste ice cream, it's no good for me.

WARNER: Chantal Kabatesi points to her jaw like she's at the dentist with a toothache. It was like eating hailstones that used to fall on her childhood village once a year. Very cold, very unpleasant, and very alarming because she had just been hired to work at Rwanda's first and only ice cream shop.

(SOUNDBITE OF DOCUMENTARY, "SWEET DREAMS")

WARNER: This is a clip from a documentary film about the shop called "Sweet Dreams."

(APPLAUSE)

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: Oh, it's so good.

(APPLAUSE)

WARNER: They made that first batch of soft-serve in 2011. The shop, a joint project of a Rwandan artist and an ice cream proprietor from Brooklyn named Alexis Miesen. You can hear her in the film teaching Kabatesi and the other employees how to eat this stuff to avoid the achy jaw.

ALEXIS MIESEN: No teeth - just your tongue.

UNIDENTIFIED WOMAN #1: It's good.

MIESEN: You made it.

WARNER: But the women who staffed this shop were used to exploring the unfamiliar. In 2005, these women had started an all-women drumming troupe, in a country where only men are supposed to touch the traditional drums.

(SOUNDBITE OF DRUMMING)

WARNER: The troupe had extra symbolism after the genocide of 1994. Some of the drummers were the wives of killers now in prison. Others were widows and survivors. They toured the country promoting reconciliation and challenging women's roles in Rwandan society.

(APPLAUSE)

WARNER: Now, the ice cream shop was launched to give the women more income. But ice cream turned out to face an even more tenacious taboo. In Rwanda, it's highly unseemly to eat anything in the street. That rules out ice cream carts, also ice cream stands.

Madeline Uwimana is one of the women drummers.

MADELINE UWIMANA: (Foreign language spoken)

WARNER: Imagine eating an avocado or a banana on the road, she says. It's shameful. Everybody will laugh at you.

Remember, this is a woman who will bang on a sacred cowhide drum despite the prohibitions of tribal elders. But she won't eat a quick snack on the road if she's hungry.

What do you think about a person who eats an avocado or eats a banana on the road? What do you think that person is like inside?

UWIMANA: (Foreign language spoken)

WARNER: You're scrunching up your face. It's not something very nice.

(LAUGHTER)

UWIMANA: (Foreign language spoken)

WARNER: She would consider him a person who does not respect himself.

Now, it's hard to unpack this particular taboo but Rwandan culture discourages the public display of personal needs - not just hunger but also grief. Tears are acceptable only in specific mourning periods. Some say that Rwandans' capacity to put this public mask on sadness is what's held the country together, allowed killers and survivors to remain neighbors for the last 20 years.

LOUISE INGABIRE: But when ice cream comes, we would like to change the culture.

WARNER: Louise Ingabire is the manager of this ice cream shop. She says getting Rwandans to eat ice cream is more than just a business venture. It's bringing them in touch with their inner selves.

INGABIRE: If you eat ice cream, say OK, you are enjoying your life. You are not scared for the others, for taking something you know you want.

WARNER: The day she can watch Rwandan teenagers walking down the street licking ice cream cones is the day she'll believe that real peace is here to stay.

Gregory Warner, NPR News. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.